Tower Heist Acclaim Reveals Hollywood Racism

By Guest Contributor Caroline Heldman, cross-posted from The Society Pages

Tower Heist (2011), the new movie starring Ben Stiller and Eddie Murphy, is the latest installment in blatantly racist movie-making. Stiller plays a high-end condo manager in Manhattan who bails out a local criminal (Murphy) to steal a stash of cash that one of the wealthy condo residents swindled from the condo staff. It’s been nearly thirty years since Murphy played nearly the same character in his breakout role in 48 Hours, and the fact that he is still cast as a jive-talking criminal speaks to how little has changed when it comes to the portrayal of black Americans in popular culture.


Hyperbolic racial stereotypes are still sooooo amusing for some.  As LA Times film critic Betsy Sharkey writes, ”Murphy and Stiller are a good pair, with Murphy once again mainlining his ghetto-comedy crazy and Stiller suited up for another straight-man gig. These are the kinds of roles they both do best, and their face-off in the front seat of an out-of-control car is worth the price of admission.” (Now reverse the names in this quote to see how racialized and racially offensive it is.)

Perhaps more disturbing is the way in which film critics are talking about this movie as a comback for Eddie Murphy  (“Eddie Murphy’s Road to Reddemption,” “Tower Heist: Murphy is Back on Top,” “‘Tower’ Heist Features Eddie Murphy Back in ‘Classic ’80s Form“). What does it mean when playing an insultingly stereotypical black criminal is deemed “redemption” for a black actor whose movies have grossed nearly $7 billion worldwide? And where, exactly, did Eddie Murphy go? The Shrek series grossed nearly $3 billion worldwide, while his Nutty Professor and Doctor Dolittle franshises grossed $428 million and $470 million, respectively. Murphy has appeared in a steady stream of successful movies in the past decade, including Dreamgirls for which he was nominated for an Academy Award.

Closer examination of media critics’ analysis reveals a nostalgia for Eddie Murphy’s breakthrough role as a criminal in 48 HoursJon Niccum writes that inTower Heist “Murphy shows flashes of the aggressive, non-family-friendly persona that made him a superstar following 48 Hours. Aggressive?  Non-family friendly?

To summarize, Eddie Murphy grossing oodles of money as a successful director, producer, writer, and actor in films featuring him as a doctor, a veterinarian, a dedicated father, and the voice of a beloved donkey in the second highest-grossing animated film of all time is considered some sort of failure, but playing a jive talking felon is redemption. Huh?

There are many ways to interpret this — that Hollywood and movie critics (and many in society) are more comfortable with black actors playing damaging, stereotypical roles involving criminality, violence, and deviance (remember back in 2002 when Denzel Washington finally won the Oscar for playing a crooked cop?); that male actors are failures if they appear in family-friendly movies, regardless of how economically successful these movies may be; that to be considered successful, male actors have to appear in movies geared towards male audiences.

Whatever the reason(s), it is embarassing for Hollywood and its “critics” to continue to be so ignorant. Eddie Murphy called out the movie industry’s racism at the 1988 Academy Awards during his presentation of the Best Picture award: “I’m going to give this award, but black people will not ride the caboose of society and we will not bring up the rear anymore. I want you to recognize that.” Two decades later, Murphy finds himself riding the caboose, furnished by the creators of Tower Heist.

 

  • Rebecca A

    I was excited for this until I realized the plot is exactly like Horrible bosses! A few witty white guys ( in tower Heist it’s two and a Hispanic) hire a black criminal (Jamie Fox and Eddie Murphy respectively) to stick it to there all white bosses ( or boss). This enlightenment just makes it more appalling to go see. Murphy is too smart to do something like this.

    • bigscreenkid

      The only thing that I thought was slightly interesting about both of the black criminal roles is that the white characters (SPOILERS) assume that their crimes are much greater than they actually are. In fact, Jones’ (Jamie Fox) crime is incredibly tame and amazingly common among all races these days (illegally downloading films… a far cry from murder). Even though these movies weren’t great, I kind of liked how the willingness of the more privileged characters to believe their crime consultants were capable of the worst allowed them to be duped… although it worked better in Horrible Bosses than it did Tower Heist. Although I suppose tricking white people out of their money could be racist? I don’t know… this site makes me question everything. Love it.

  • Claude

    Denzel Washington won his first Oscar in 1989 as Best Supporting Actor for his role in Glory. 

  • Fafou Dabou

    Denzel was awarded his first Oscar for Glory. He got it as a Best Actor in a  Supporting Role. He got his second Oscar but his first for a Leading Role in Training Day.

  • http://commentarybyvalentina.wordpress.com/ Val

    “Two decades later, Murphy finds himself riding the caboose, furnished by the creators of Tower Heist.”

    True but Murphy will need to have that talk with himself since he is the one who came up with the concept for this film. Which isn’t surprising coming from a guy that created the film Norbert and the character Rasputia. Which was an outrageously stereotypical character that mocked Black women.

  • http://soyluv.wordpress.com/ soyluv

    Also, did anyone catch his recent Rolling Stone interview? It was really a fascinating read on many levels. In there, he notes that his idea for Tower Heist was different–rather it was supposed to be “an all-star cast of black comedians playing inept thieves trying to rob Trump Tower”, where Eddie envisioned a cast filled with “all the funny brothers on the scene.”  I would have liked to see that movie, myself!  Read more: http://www.rollingstone.com/movies/news/eddie-murphy-the-rolling-stone-interview-20111109#ixzz1dnUUcc75

  • http://aalbc.com Troy Johnson

    Welcome to America Caroline, Welcome to America.

  • http://profiles.google.com/dancolliergay Dan Collier

    Add in that Gabourey Sidibe plays … natch, a maid.

    • Smandisa85

      Exactly!!

      I was so frustrated. And the Jamaican accent-totally gratituitous on the creators’ part-just another way to stereotype immigrant black women. To be clear, Im not saying that a Jamaican woman shouldnt be represented, but this was clearly used as another way to exoticize Gabourey Sidibe.